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Glossary of Terms

Medical Terms Explained
  • Apigenin

    Apigenin, found in many plants, is a natural product belonging to the flavone class that is the aglycone of several naturally occurring glycosides. It is a yellow crystalline solid that has been used to dye wool.
  • Ashwagandha

    Withania somnifera, known commonly as ashwagandha, Indian ginseng, poison gooseberry, or winter cherry, is a plant in the Solanaceae or nightshade family. Several other species in the genus Withania are morphologically similar.
  • Glycemic Loads

    Glycemic Load (GL) is a measure of both the quality (the GI value) and quantity (grams per serve) of a carbohydrate in a meal. A food's glycemic load is determined by multiplying its glycemic index by the amount of carbohydrate the food contains in each serve and dividing by 100.
  • Homeostasis

    The tendency towards a relatively stable equilibrium between interdependent elements, especially as maintained by physiological processes.
  • Hypercholesterolaemia

    an excess of cholesterol in the bloodstream.
  • Kaempferol

    Kaempferol is a natural flavonol, a type of flavonoid, found in a variety of plants and plant-derived foods.Kaempferol is a yellow crystalline solid with a melting point of 276–278 °C (529–532 °F). It is slightly soluble in water and highly soluble in hot ethanol, ethers, and DMSO.
  • Microbiome

    the microorganisms in a particular environment (including the body or a part of the body). "we depend on a vast army of microbes to stay alive: a microbiome that protects us against germs, breaks down food to release energy, and produces vitamins"
  • Paraben

    any of a group of compounds used as preservatives in pharmaceutical and cosmetic products and in the food industry.
  • Parabens

    Parabens. Any of a group of compounds used as preservatives in pharmaceutical and cosmetic products and in the food industry.
  • Parasympathetic Nervous System

    The parasympathetic nervous system is one of three divisions of the autonomic nervous system. Sometimes called the rest and digest system, the parasympathetic system conserves energy as it slows the heart rate, increases intestinal and gland activity, and relaxes sphincter muscles in the gastrointestinal tract.
  • Phytonutrients

    These are called phytonutrients or phytochemicals."Phyto" refers to the Greek word for plant. These chemicals help protect plants from germs, fungi, bugs, and other threats. Fruits and vegetables contain phytonutrients. Other plant-based foods also contain phytonutrients, such as: Whole grains
  • Sympathetic Nervous System

    The part of the autonomic nervous system that contains chiefly adrenergic fibers and tends to depress secretion, decrease the tone and contractility of smooth muscle, and increase heart rate — compare parasympathetic nervous system.
  • Xenoestrogens

    Xenoestrogens are a type of xenohormone that imitates estrogen. They can be either synthetic or natural chemical compounds.